uruknet.info
  اوروكنت.إنفو
     
    informazione dal medio oriente
    information from middle east
    المعلومات من الشرق الأوسط

[ home page] | [ tutte le notizie/all news ] | [ download banner] | [ ultimo aggiornamento/last update 28/08/2019 00:45 ] 103444


english italiano

  [ Subscribe our newsletter!   -   Iscriviti alla nostra newsletter! ]  




[103444]



Uruknet on Alexa


End Gaza Siege
End Gaza Siege

>

:: Segnala Uruknet agli amici. Clicka qui.
:: Invite your friends to Uruknet. Click here.




:: Segnalaci un articolo
:: Tell us of an article






Nasrallah hints at change in approaches to US, Lebanon

Jean Aziz

18ma-rtx15c62.jpg

Hezbollah Secretary-General Hassan Nasrallah makes a public appearance in Beirut's southern suburbs on the eve of Ashura, Nov. 13, 2013. (photo by REUTERS/Hasan Shaaban)

December 18, 2013


Wittingly — or perhaps unwittingly, because of the rapid acceleration of events — Hezbollah’s opponents have not shed much light on the latest major positions expressed by Secretary-General Hassan Nasrallah in his Dec. 3 interview on Lebanon's OTV. Lebanese cultural and intellectual circles, however, are preoccupied with two issues raised by unprecedented assertions by Nasrallah. One issue is external, involving Hezbollah and Iran’s vision of the United States, while the other concerns the Shiite organization’s vision of Lebanon as a nation and a state.

While talking about the nuclear agreement between Iran and the West, Nasrallah was asked whether a normalization of relations between Washington and Tehran was possible. He replied, as printed for the first time here in Al-Monitor:

In terms of principles, and even during the era of Imam Khomeini and then Imam Khamenei, the rhetoric of the Iranian leadership would always say: Our problem with the Americans is different from our problem with the Israelis. The problem with the Israelis is that they are a trespassing and illegal entity that has imposed itself on Palestine and the people of Palestine. Therefore, the Iranian position as far as Israel is concerned is decisive, and it has not changed for a single moment ever since the founding of the Islamic Republic until this very day.

As far as the US is concerned, however, Iranians would always say: The day the Americans recognize our rights, treat us with respect, negotiate with us as peers, give the people of this region their rights, abandon their hegemonic approach, sense of entitlement, arrogance, wars and monopoly, we will be ready to negotiate with them, be it directly or indirectly.


Although Nasrallah’s response confirmed the rhetoric of a rivalry between his camp and US policy in the region, it's also the case that he for the first time dropped the rhetoric of absolute hostility between the two sides.

To properly assess this, observers should recall the mobilization slogans used by Nasrallah's Shiite organization against Western policies and governments, specifically against US policies in the Middle East. There were those who considered the United States the Great Satan. Others demonstrated while chanting "Death to America." As for the US perspective, one should consider the numerous times Washington has accused Hezbollah of targeting US interests, citizens and diplomatic representatives, in Lebanon and abroad, from 1983 until today. It is this contentious history between the two parties that led Hezbollah to be added to the US list of terrorist organizations and drove Washington's efforts in pushing to have it added to the European Union’s terror list in July 2013.

From this context, one can understand the significance in the change in Nasrallah and Hezbollah's discourse. Nasrallah seems to be telling the Americans, "In principle, there is no hostility between us, and there is no absolute, sacred or existential war. Yes, there is a dispute as a result of our rejection of certain policies, but when these policies are amended, meeting with you becomes possible, acceptable, legitimate, and even 'permissible,' in the religious sense of the word." This last element cannot be ignored when trying to understand someone like Nasrallah, who is both a political and religious figure.

The second issue raised by the words of today's strong man in Lebanon, and perhaps of interest to other countries of the region, is that when asked whether he and his party have a project in mind that is bigger than Lebanon, Nasrallah rushed to deny it. Asked whether he acknowledges the legitimacy of "Lebanon as an entity" — referring to the constitutional provision for the acceptance of Lebanon as a state within its constitutionally delineated borders — Nasrallah asserted for the first time, "We support the finality of the entity, as announced by the Imam Musa al-Sadr. Day after day, the veracity of every political orientation that acknowledges the finality of the Lebanese entity becomes more and more apparent. There may be other ideologies that do not agree with this rhetoric, but I would like to tell you that Hezbollah is with the Amal Movement and Imam Musa al-Sadr. I would also like to declare tonight: Hezbollah believes in the finality of the Lebanese entity."

Experts in Islamic movements and of the history, establishment and doctrine of Hezbollah are aware of the historic nature of this position. The Shiite organization began in Lebanon in 1982 under the banner of "Islamic Revolution in Lebanon," back when its ideologues rejected recognition of Lebanon as a nation and a state.

Afterward, with the declaration of the organization's first official document in 1987, it seemed clear that it was keen to avoid dealing with such issues as the recognition of the Lebanese state, nation and identity and even citizenship. Those familiar with the development of Hezbollah know that its decision to participate in parliamentary elections in 1992 — and therefore recognize the existence of the state called Lebanon — required religious discussions within the party and with religious authorities in Iran. These talks led to approval to enter the Lebanese political arena. There were, however, objections, as evidenced by then-Secretary-General Subhi al-Tufayli’s decision to leave the organization because he did not agree with the "Lebanonization" of Hezbollah.

Thus, the issue of Hezbollah's intellectual and ideological position continued to be suspect, until the party signed a memorandum of understanding with Christian leader Gen. Michel Aoun, on February 6, 2006. On that day, Hezbollah made clear that it was no longer hesitant to declare its Lebanese identity and its open and full commitment to the state and the nation.

One point, however, remained to be addressed, with observers and intellectuals continually raising the following questions: Although Hezbollah recognizes these concepts now, will it remain committed to them in the future? Does Hezbollah declare that it accepts Lebanon as the entity, or state, of all its people, as stipulated in the Lebanese constitution since 1990, knowing that this statement is taken from a document announced by Musa al-Sadr, the first leader of the political Shiite movement in Lebanon in 1974?

This issue was again raised when Hassan Nasrallah announced a new political document for Hezbollah in December 2009. The document, which was largely seen as a coup vis-a-vis the party's first manifesto from 1987, was deemed to favor the Lebanonization of Hezbollah's ideas and principles, but made no clear reference to the finality of the Lebanese entity.

Well-informed sources in Hezbollah explained to Al-Monitor that the phrase "Lebanon as an entity" was actually contained in the draft document of 2009. When voted upon, however, it garnered an overwhelming majority, but not unanimity. Given that Nasrallah was keen on unanimous approval, the decision was made to postpone including the term until a later date and have the 2009 document issued without it.

Ever since, and especially with the outbreak of conflict in Syria and its implications, discussion about this point had continued within the party until those who had previously had reservations became convinced, and an unspoken declaration was made: Hezbollah believes in Lebanon as the home for all its people. There had not been an appropriate opportunity for the party to declare this historic decision until Nasrallah's Dec. 3 interview, where he openly and officially settled the matter for the first time. This and Nasrallah's pronouncements on the United States are significant developments for Hezbollah that everyone must consider given their importance to the future of Lebanon and the region.



Source





:: Article nr. 103444 sent on 19-dec-2013 03:51 ECT

www.uruknet.info?p=103444



:: The views expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of the author and do not necessarily reflect those of this website.

The section for the comments of our readers has been closed, because of many out-of-topics.
Now you can post your own comments into our Facebook page: www.facebook.com/uruknet




Warning: include(./share/share2.php): failed to open stream: No such file or directory in /home/content/25/8427425/html/vhosts/uruknet/colonna-centrale-pagina-ansi.php on line 385

Warning: include(): Failed opening './share/share2.php' for inclusion (include_path='.:/usr/local/php5_6/lib/php') in /home/content/25/8427425/html/vhosts/uruknet/colonna-centrale-pagina-ansi.php on line 385



       
[ Printable version ] | [ Send it to a friend ]


[ Contatto/Contact ] | [ Home Page ] | [Tutte le notizie/All news ]







Uruknet on Twitter




:: RSS updated to 2.0

:: English
:: Italiano



:: Uruknet for your mobile phone:
www.uruknet.mobi


Uruknet on Facebook






:: Motore di ricerca / Search Engine


uruknet
the web



:: Immagini / Pictures


Initial
Middle




The newsletter archive




L'Impero si è fermato a Bahgdad, by Valeria Poletti


Modulo per ordini




subscribe

:: Newsletter

:: Comments


Haq Agency
Haq Agency - English

Haq Agency - Arabic


AMSI
AMSI - Association of Muslim Scholars in Iraq - English

AMSI - Association of Muslim Scholars in Iraq - Arabic




Font size
Carattere
1 2 3





:: All events








     

[ home page] | [ tutte le notizie/all news ] | [ download banner] | [ ultimo aggiornamento/last update 28/08/2019 00:45 ]




Uruknet receives daily many hacking attempts. To prevent this, we have 10 websites on 6 servers in different places. So, if the website is slow or it does not answer, you can recall one of the other web sites: www.uruknet.info www.uruknet.de www.uruknet.biz www.uruknet.org.uk www.uruknet.com www.uruknet.org - www.uruknet.it www.uruknet.eu www.uruknet.net www.uruknet.web.at.it




:: This site contains copyrighted material the use of which has not always been specifically authorized by the copyright owner. We are making such material available in our efforts to advance understanding of environmental, political, human rights, economic, democracy, scientific, and social justice issues, etc. We believe this constitutes a 'fair use' of any such copyrighted material as provided for in section 107 of the US Copyright Law. In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, the material on this site is distributed without profit to those who have expressed a prior interest in receiving the included information for research and educational purposes. For more info go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml. If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond 'fair use', you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
::  We always mention the author and link the original site and page of every article.
uruknet, uruklink, iraq, uruqlink, iraq, irak, irakeno, iraqui, uruk, uruqlink, saddam hussein, baghdad, mesopotamia, babilonia, uday, qusay, udai, qusai,hussein, feddayn, fedayn saddam, mujaheddin, mojahidin, tarek aziz, chalabi, iraqui, baath, ba'ht, Aljazira, aljazeera, Iraq, Saddam Hussein, Palestina, Sharon, Israele, Nasser, ahram, hayat, sharq awsat, iraqwar,irakwar All pictures

 

I nostri partner - Our Partners:


TEV S.r.l.

TEV S.r.l.: hosting

www.tev.it

Progetto Niz

niz: news management

www.niz.it

Digitbrand

digitbrand: ".it" domains

www.digitbrand.com

Worlwide Mirror Web-Sites:
www.uruknet.info (Main)
www.uruknet.com
www.uruknet.net
www.uruknet.org
www.uruknet.us (USA)
www.uruknet.su (Soviet Union)
www.uruknet.ru (Russia)
www.uruknet.it (Association)
www.uruknet.web.at.it
www.uruknet.biz
www.uruknet.mobi (For Mobile Phones)
www.uruknet.org.uk (UK)
www.uruknet.de (Germany)
www.uruknet.ir (Iran)
www.uruknet.eu (Europe)
wap.uruknet.info (For Mobile Phones)
rss.uruknet.info (For Rss Feeds)
www.uruknet.tel

Vat Number: IT-97475012153