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Weekly Report: On Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestinian Territory No. 19/2008 (30 April- 07 May 2008)

PCHR - Palestinian Centre for Human Rights

8-w19.jpg

Part of the destruction caused by IOF in the town of Khuza’a east of Khan Yunis on 4 May


May 8, 2008

Israeli Occupation Forces (IOF) Continue Systematic Attacks against Palestinian Civilians and Property in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (OPT)

 

  • 9 Palestinians, including a woman, were killed by IOF in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank.

  • 3 of the victims were extra-judicially executed by IOF.

  • 35 Palestinians, including 6 children and a woman, were injured by IOF.

  • IOF conducted 43 incursions into Palestinian communities in the West Bank, and five into the Gaza Strip.

  • IOF used dozens of Palestinian civilians, including children and women, as human shields during military operations in 'Abassan village in the southern Gaza Strip.

  • IOF razed 484 donums[1] of agricultural land and destroyed 5 greenhouses, 9 bird farms and 23 houses in the southern Gaza Strip.  

  • IOF arrested 100 Palestinian civilians, including 15 children, in the West Bank, and arrested fifty people in the Gaza Strip, as well as holding another 52 people for questioning.  

  • IOF confiscated the contents of a sewing workshop of the Islamic Charity in Hebron and ordered its closure for 3 years.

  • IOF have continued to impose a total siege on the OPT.

  • The fuel crisis in the Gaza Strip has escalated.

  • 2 Palestinian civilian were arrested by IOF at military checkpoints in the West Bank.

  • IOF have continued to construct the Annexation Wall in the West Bank.

  • IOF issued notices to six Palestinian civilians in Beit 'Awa village, south of Hebron, that their houses will be demolished.

  • IOF have continued settlement activities in the West Bank and Israeli settlers have continued to attacks Palestinian civilians and property.

  • IOF plan to expand "Har Brakha" settlement near Nablus on a 229-donum area of Palestinian land.

  • Three Palestinian civilians and 2 international human rights defenders were injured by Israeli settlers.

 

 

Summary

Israeli violations of international law and humanitarian law seriously escalated in the OPT, especially in the Gaza Strip, during the reporting period (30 April – 7 May 2008):

Shooting: During the reporting period, IOF killed 9 Palestinians, including a woman, in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, and wounded 35 others, including 6 children and a woman, also in the Gaza Strip. Three of the victims were extra-judicially executed by IOF in southern Gaza.  

On 30 April 2008, IOF extra-judicially executed 2 al-Quds Brigades activists (the armed wing of Islamic Jihad) and wounded a third, as well as three civilian bystanders, including 2 children, in Rafah town in the southern Gaza Strip. An IOF aircraft fired missiles at a workshop in Rafah, whilst the activists were inside the workshop. On 1 May, IOF extra-judicially executed an activist from the 'Izziddin al-Qassam Brigades (the armed wing of Hamas) in Rafah. An IOF aircraft fired a missile at the activist whilst he was walking in the street. A nearby child was also injured. On 4 May, IOF killed a Palestinian civilian and wounded 5 others during an incursion into Khuza’a village, east of Khan Yunis, in southern Gaza. On 6 May, IOF killed a 'Izziddin al-Qassam Brigades activist, and wounded a second in Beit Lahia town in the northern Gaza Strip. IOF fired a surface-to-surface missile at the activists. On 7 May, IOF killed a Palestinian woman and a Palestinian resistance activist, and wounded 4 civilians, including 2 children, during an incursion into 'Abassan village, east of Khan Yunis.    

Incursions: During the reporting period, IOF conducted at least 43 military incursions into Palestinian communities in the West Bank. IOF arrested 100 Palestinian civilians, including 15 children. The number of Palestinian civilians arrested by IOF in the West Bank since the beginning of 2008 stands at 1,151. IOF also raided a sewing workshop belonging to the Islamic Charity in Hebron and ordered its closure for 3 years.  

In the Gaza Strip, IOF conducted 5 incursions into Palestinian communities. During these incursions, IOF razed at least 484 donums of agricultural land; destroyed 5 greenhouses, 9 bird farms and 23 houses. In addition, 50 Palestinian civilians were arrested, and another 52 held for questioning.      

Restrictions on Movement: IOF have continued to impose a tightened siege on the OPT and imposed severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem.

 

Gaza Strip

IOF have continued to close all border crossings to the Gaza Strip for more than one year and a half. The IOF imposed siege has had a disastrous impact on the humanitarian situation in the Gaza Strip, and has violated the human, economic and social rights of the approximately 1.5 million Palestinian civilian population, particularly their rights to appropriate living conditions, health and education. The siege has also paralyzed the Gazan economy. In addition, the siege has severely impacted the flow of food, medical supplies and other necessities such as fuel, construction materials and raw materials for various economic sectors. IOF have continued to prevent the entry of raw materials into the Gaza Strip, and many factories have been forced to close. Severe restrictions have been imposed on the movement of the entire Palestinian civilian population. Regarding civilian movements, IOF permit a few Palestinian civilians to pass through Beit Hanoun (Erez) crossing in order to travel to the West Bank or Israel. Rafah International Crossing Point in the southern Gaza Strip is the sole outlet for the Gaza Strip to the outside world via a country other than Israel. IOF have closed Rafah International Crossing Point, even though they do not directly control it. They have prevented European observers working at the crossing point form reaching it.

The following are the most significant current impacts of the IOF siege of the Gaza Strip, including the current impacts of fuel deprivation.   

·       Streets across the Gaza Strip are empty, and daily life has almost been paralyzed.

·       Two weeks ago UNRWA was forced to suspend food aid to at least 650,000 Palestinian refugees living in the Gaza Strip because of fuel shortages.

·       Livings conditions of the civilian populations have continued to deteriorate.

·       Hundreds of patients have been denied access to medical treatment outside the Gaza Strip.

·       Many university and school students have not been able to reach their educational institutions due to overwhelming demand for public transport.

·       Only 15% of public transport is operating, due to lack of fuel.

·       The operation of 15 wells have been stopped and at least 100,000 people across the Gaza Strip now face severe difficulties in accessing safe drinking water.

·       Access to 125 reservoirs has decreased due to lack of fuel.  

·       Twelve sewage treatment plants lack the necessary fuel supplies to operate at full capacity, and subsequently at least 40,000 liters of untreated sewage have been pumped into the sea daily.

·       Piles of garbage are seen in the streets, which may cause environmental and widespread sanitary problems.

·       At least 85% of vehicles of the Coastal Municipalities Water Utility have not been able to operate in order to supply safe drinking water, treat sewage and maintain the current  sewage networks.

·       Poverty and employment have sharply increased.

The closure of border crossings is depriving the Palestinian civilian population in the Gaza Strip of their right to freedom of movement, education and health. IOF have also continued to impose severe restrictions on fishing in the Gaza Strip. Fishermen in the Gaza Strip have been subjected to intensive monitoring by IOF, which use helicopter gunships and gunboats to monitor and harass the fishermen. Under the 1994 Interim Agreement, Palestinian, fishermen are permitted to fish up to 20 nautical miles away from the Gaza seashore. However, IOF have never honoured the rights of the fishermen under the Interim Agreement. 

 

West Bank

Contrary to Israeli claims to have eased restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians, IOF have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians throughout the West Bank. Thousands of Palestinian civilians from the West Bank, and the Gaza Strip, have been denied access to Jerusalem, including occupied East Jerusalem. IOF have established numerous checkpoints around and inside East Jerusalem. Restrictions of the movement of Palestinian civilians often escalate on Fridays in order to prevent them from praying at the al-Aqsa Mosque. IOF often harass and assault Palestinian civilians who attempt to bypass checkpoints and enter the city. IOF positioned at checkpoints across the West Bank have also continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians. During the reporting period, IOF imposed comprehensive closures on the OPT on Friday, 2 May, and on Tuesday, 6 May. In addition, IOF troops positioned at various checkpoints in the West Bank arrested two Palestinian civilians.

Annexation Wall: IOF have continued to construct the Annexation Wall inside the West Bank. For this purpose, during the reporting period, IOF handed notices to six Palestinian civilians in Beit 'Awa village, southwest of Hebron, that their houses, which are located 450-1,000 meters away from the Annexation Wall, will be demolished. IOF claimed that the houses were built without licenses, and gave the owners until 24 May to appeal against the demolition decision.

Settlement Activities: IOF have continued settlement activities and Israeli settlers living in the OPT have continued to attack Palestinian civilians and property in violation of international human rights law. During the reporting period, IOF revealed a plan to expand "Har Brakha" settlement, south of Nablus. The plan includes the construction of several housing units on 229 donums of land belonging to Bourin village, which is a Palestinian village. Israeli settlers also continued to attack Palestinian civilians and their property. On 2 May, at least 15 armed Israeli settlers attacked a Palestinian family in the al-Teera area west of Ramallah. On the same day, Israeli settlers armed with stones and batons also attacked a number of Palestinian civilians in Tawani village, south of Hebron. A number of international solidarity activists arrived at the area to protect the civilians. However, more Israeli settlers arrived in the area and also attacked the solidarity activists. One Palestinian civilian and two international solidarity activists subsequently sustained bruises. On 3 May, a number of Israeli settlers from "Yits’har" settlement, south of Nablus, attacked a house belonging to Jamal Yousef Saleh in the southeast of 'Assira village, south of Nablus. The settlers set fired to agricultural areas and threw stones at the house. A number of local villagers came to the area to support Saleh and assist him in extinguishing the fire. The settlers also beat the locals who came to his assistance.  

 

Israeli Violations Documented during the Reporting Period (30 April – 7 May 2008)

 

1.      Incursions into Palestinian Areas and Attacks on Palestinian Civilians and Property in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip

 

Wednesday, 30 April

·      At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Hebron. They raided a sewing workshop belonging to the Islamic Charity, which is located on the first floor of the building of the House of Female Orphans, in the west of the town. They confiscated the contents of the workshop and ordered its closure for 3 years. IOF had already issued military orders to close and seize all properties belonging to the Islamic Charity and the Islamic Youth Association. Fifteen female workers work in the workshop, which provides clothes for at least 4,000 orphans.

 

·      At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Nablus and the neighboring 'Askar refugee camp. They raided and searched many houses and arrested 27 Palestinian civilians:

 

1.      Ra’ed Mustafa Abu Lail, 23

2.      Talab Za’al Abu Lail, 25

3.      Mohammed Deeb Hassoun, 30

4.      Bassel Sameer Abu Lail, 27

5.      Rabah Saleh 'Olayan, 26

6.      Salah Saleh 'Olayan, 23

7.      Tamer Saleh 'Olayan, 21

8.      Firas 'Adnan 'Olayan, 24

9.      Mahdi Mousa Fadel, 19

10.  Mohammed Nabhan Saqer, 25

11.  Ahmed Waheed 'Olayan, 22

12.  Mohammed Waheed 'Olayan, 24

13.  'Alaa’ Mustafa Abu Salem, 25

14.  Bassel As’ad al-Shanteer, 28

15.  Mohammed As’ad al-Shanteer, 21

16.  Mohammed Jamal al-Shanteer, 19

17.  Maher Mousa Edris, 24

18.  'Othman Talal Saqer, 24

19.  Nasser Ramzi Badran, 25

20.  Eyad Sameer Hajjaj, 22

21.  Ahmed Mohammed Abu Qa’oud, 24

22.  Bilal Mohammed Abu Qa’oud, 26

23.  Saif Sa’id al-Batta, 30

24.  Mohammed 'Ata Saleem, 20

25.  Yassin Qassem Abu Lafah, 27

26.  Ahmed Mohammed Qatanani, 22

27.  Sa’ed Mahmoud Qatanani, 26.

 

·      At approximately 01:45, IOF moved into al-'Eizariya village, southeast of Jerusalem. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested 4 Palestinian civilians:

 

1.      Mohammed Falah Khalaf, 20

2.      Mohammed 'Omar Abu Ziad, 19

3.      Hassan Khaled Khalaf, 21

4.      Diaa’ Ahmed al-Soubani, 20.

 

·      Also at approximately 01:45, IOF moved into Abu Dis town, southeast of Jerusalem. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested 7 Palestinian civilians:

 

1.      'Abdul Karim Younis Halabiya, 19

2.      Mohammed Jameel 'Oraiqat, 19

3.      'Aamer Hani 'Arabiya, 18

4.      Malek Hassan Qurai’, 18

5.      Mohammed Sami Shihada, 21

6.      Mohammed Rajeh 'Ayad, 20

7.      Mohammed 'Allan Shuqair, 18.

 

·      At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Jenin town and refugee camp. They raided and searched a number of houses, but no arrests were reported.

 

·      Also at approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Sourif village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested Ahmed Mousa Ehmaidat, 27.

 

·      At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Zabbouba village, west of Jenin. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested Ahmed Fat’hi 'Amarna, 17.

 

·      At approximately 16:30, IOF moved into Ya’bad village, southwest of Jenin. They patrolled in the streets and opened fire. They arrested Khaled Ghaleb Abu Baker, 15, near the northeastern entrance of the village claiming that he threw stones at their vehicles.

 

·      Also at approximately 16:30, IOF moved into Fahama village, southwest of Jenin. They patrolled in the streets and opened fire. They arrested 5 Palestinian children claiming that they threw stones at their vehicles:

 

1.      Sofian Mahmoud Sa’abna, 12

2.      Mohammed Nayef Mara’ba, 17

3.      'Abdul Fattah Anwar Nawasra, 13

4.      Saif Tariq Sa’abna, 12

5.      Shadi 'Aatef Sa’abna, 16.

 

·      At approximately 20:00, IOF moved into Kufol Hares village, east of Salfit, and imposed a curfew to allow Israeli settlers to conduct religious ceremonies in the village.

 

Thursday, 1 May

·      At approximately 01:00, an IOF infantry unit moved nearly 800 meters into al-Farrahin neighborhood in 'Abassan village, east of Khan Yunis. IOF troops raided a number of houses and transformed them into military sites. Later, a number of IOF tanks and bulldozers arrived at the area opening fire. IOF troops held some civilians in open areas endangering them as IOF troops exchanged fire with activists of the Palestinian resistance. IOF troops also forced a number of civilians to get on tank, apparently using them as human shields. At approximately 10:55, IOF fired a tank shell that fell near a house belonging to Hussein Khalil Qaudaih, about 600 meters away from the affected area. As a result, 15-year-old 'Emad Hussein Qudaih, was seriously wounded by shrapnel to the head, the back and the feet. At approximately 15:00, Mohammed Musallam Saleem Abu Daqqa, 58, was seriously wounded by a gunshot to the right side, when IOF troops positioned on the roof of a house in the area fired at him. He died on the way to the hospital. During this incursion, IOF arrested and interrogated 21 Palestinian civilians, but released them at night. They also razed 225 donums of agricultural land planted with olives, palms, fruits, vegetables, parleys and wheat, and destroyed a greenhouse, a number of irrigation networks and a number of rooms. They further damaged 6 houses, where 36 people live. IOF withdrew from the area at 22:30.

 

·      At approximately 01:15, IOF moved into Jenin town and refugee camp. They raided and searched a number of houses, but no arrests were reported.

 

·      At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into al-'Azza refugee camp, north of Bethlehem. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested Firas Hashem Jaber, 27.

 

·      At approximately 22:00, IOF moved into Tulkarm. They opened fire at houses and shops, damaging a number of them. Neither casualties nor arrests were reported.

 

Friday, 2 May

·      At approximately 00:30, IOF moved into Tulkarm. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested 3 Palestinian civilians:

 

1.      'Abdullah Husayan Khalf, 16;

2.      'Alaa’ Hatem Iraqi, 20; and

3.      Mohammed Rustom Mahdawi, 20.

 

·      At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Ethna village, southwest of Hebron. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested 3 Palestinian civilians:

 

1.      Mohammed 'Ata 'Abdul Fattah Abu Juhaisha, 22;

2.      Khaled Mohammed Khalawi, 21; and

3.      Mohammed 'Adnan Tumaizi, 24.

 

·      At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Jenin town and refugee camp. They raided and searched a number of houses, but no arrests were reported.

 

·      At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Dura village, southwest of Hebron. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested 3 Palestinian civilians:

 

1.      Ashraf Yasser Shadeed, 35;

2.      Mohammed al-Rajoub, 37; and

3.      Fidaa’ al-Shahateet, 30.

 

 

Saturday, 3 May  

·      At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Nablus. They patrolled in the streets and opened fire. They withdrew later and neither casualties no arrests were reported.

 

·      At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Deir Dibwan village, northeast of Ramallah. They patrolled in the streets and opened fire. They withdrew later and neither casualties no arrests were reported.

 

·      At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Jenin town and refugee camp. They raided and searched a number of houses, but no arrests were reported.

 

·      Also at approximately 02:00, IOF moved into al-'Arroub refugee camp, north of Hebron. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested 2 Palestinian children

 

1.      Ziad Zuhdi Mahfouz, 17; and

2.      Hassan Khaled Janazra, 16.

 

·      At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Beit Emrin village, northwest of Nablus. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested Hakam Hamad al-Faqeeh, 19.

 

·      At approximately 13:00, IOF moved into Fahama village, southwest of Jenin. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested 2 Palestinian children claiming that they threw stones at military vehicles:

 

1.      Ibrahim Ahmed Nawasra, 17; and

2.      Khaled Waleed Nawasra, 13.

 

Sunday, 4 May   

·      At approximately 00:20, IOF moved into Southern 'Assira village, south pf Nablys. They raided and searched a number of houses, including a house belonging to Mahmoud 'Awadh Yassin. When IOF troops left Yassin’s house, the family discovered that a number of small notebooks that including accounting information of Yassin’s work. Yassin is a construction contractor and the bursar of 'Assira Charity. One of the notebooks contains a check issued by Yassin for teachers in the kindergarten of the charity, whose value is 2269 NIS (approximately US$ 650).

 

·      At approximately 01:00, IOF moved nearly 1,000 meters into Khuza’a village, east of Khan Yunis. They raided a house belonging to 'Azmi Shihda Qudaih, 30. They held the family in one room and transformed the house into a military site. IOF then started to raze areas of agricultural land and opened fire indiscriminately. At approximately 04:45, Mohammed Sameer al-Najjar, 24, was wounded by a gunshot to the head when he was in a house belonging to one of his relatives, approximately 600 meters away from the invaded area. at approximately 07:10, an IOF aircraft fired 2 missiles at a number of activists of the Palestinian resistance who attempted to resist the incursion. Three activists were wounded and a house in the area was damaged. At approximately 09:40, IOF troops fired at Hussam Mohammed Saleem al-Najjar, 40, when he was on the roof of his 3-storey house. He was seriously wounded by a gunshot to the back. When his brother, 37-year-old Maher, attempted to pull him away, IOF troops fired at him. He was seriously wounded by a gunshot to the right armpit. The two were evacuated to Nasser Hospital in Khan Yunis, but Hussam died of his wound. At approximately 11:00, IOF redeployed outside the area after destroying a 400-square-meter, 2-storey house belonging to Fayez Ahmed Qudaih, damaging a house belonging to 'Azmi Qudaih and razing 106 donums of agricultural land, on which 4 greenhouses, a number of rooms and 2 bird farms stood. IOF also arrested 'Azmi Shihda Qudaih, 30, and Tariq Salem al-Najjar, 31, a member of the Palestinian National Security Forces. According to 'Azmi Qudaih’s family, IOF troops stole 2,700 NIS (approximately US$ 800) from the house.   

 

·      At approximately 01:15, IOF moved into Tulkarm. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested 2 Palestinian civilians:

 

1.      Hassan Husni Abu Shanab, 23; and

2.      Shadi Riad al-Mughrabi, 30.

 

·      At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Nablus. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested Mohammed Isma’il al-Shilla, 24.

 

Monday, 5 May  

·      At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Beita village, south of Nablus. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested 4 Palestinian civilians:

 

1.      'Ammar Ahmed Bani Shamsa, 21;

2.      Qussai Bassem Bani Shamsa, 19;

3.      Mujahed Mohammed Bani Shamsa, 22; and

4.      Ayman Ihsan 'Adeeli, 20.

 

·      Also at approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Sourif village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested Mahmoud 'Awad al-Qadhi, 27.

 

·      At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Ethna village, southwest of Hebron. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested Jasser 'Abdul Halim al-Nattah, 32.

 

·      At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Beit Fajjar village, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested 3 Palestinian civilians:

 

1.      Salti Ahmed Thawabta, 33;

2.      Ibrahim Majed Thawabta, 23; and

3.      'Ali Hamdi Taqatqa, 20.

 

·      At approximately 08:00, IOF moved nearly 600 meters into al-Farrahin area in 'Abassan village, east of Khan Yunis. They opened fire and leveled areas of land they had already razed. They also razed a 3-donum area of agricultural land planted with olives belonging to Shihada Mahmoud Abu Daqqa. During this incursion, which continued until 15:00, IOF opened fire indiscriminately damaging a number of houses.

 

·      At approximately 21:45, IOF moved into Nablus. They raided and searched a number of houses, but no arrests were reported.

 

·      At approximately 23:00, an IOF infantry unit moved nearly 2,000 meters into al-Sayafa area in the northwest of Beit Lahia town in the northern Gaza Striop. IOF troops raided and searched a number of houses. They arrested 31 Palestinian civilians and took them to military posts located at the border between the Gaza Strip and Israel. IOF released all detainees several hours later, excluding 3 ones:

 

1.      Nidal Khader al-Dahnoun, 31;

2.      Mos’ad 'Ata 'Oudetallah, 39; and

3.      Sa’ed Mansour Tanboura, 27.

 

·      At approximately 23:40, IOF moved into Karissa village, southwest of Hebron. They raided, searched and damaged a number of houses, but no arrests were reported.

 

Tuesday, 6 May

·      At approximately 01:15, IOF troops positioned at the border between the Gaza Strip and Israel launched a surface-to-surface missile at a number of activists of the 'Izziddin al-Qassam Brigades (the armed wing of Hamas) stationed in the east of Baeit Lahia town in the northern Gaza Strip. Two activists were wounded. One of them, 23-year-old Hisham Najeeb Shoumar, died for his wound a few hours later.

 

·      At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Sourif village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested 5 Palestinian civilians:

 

1.      Hazem 'Omar Haddoush, 23;

2.      'Abdullah Ahmed al-Hour, 22;

3.      Ibrahim Mahmoud Hmaidat, 25;

4.      Ma’moun Shaker Haddoush, 26; and

5.      'Anan Mahmoud al-Qadhi, 27.

 

·      At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into 'Azmout village, east of Nablus. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested Saleh Ibrahim Samara.

 

·      At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Deir Samet village, west of Hebron. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested 2 Palestinian civilians:

 

1.      Mohammed Mahmoud Abu Saleh, 30; and

2.      Nasser Ahmed al-Sharawna, 22.

 

·      At approximately 03:20, IOF moved into Beit Ummar village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched a house belonging to the family of Firas Ibrahim Abu Maria, 17, and arrested him. During the house raid, IOF troops violently beat the child’s mother, 38-year-old Siham Mohammed Abu Maria. She sustained bruises to the shoulders, the hands and the face.

 

·      At approximately 12:00, an IOF undercover unit moved into Kufor Qallil village, east of Nablus, traveling in 2 civilian cars. The car stopped near 2 Palestinian civilians, including a child, who were drinking tea in front of a house belonging to Sabri Saleem al-Qinni. IOF troops immediately kidnapped Younis Sabri al-Qinni, 27, and Maher Sameer al-Qinni, 16. Soon after, IOF military vehicles moved into the area to secure the withdrawal of the undercover unit.

 

Wednesday, 7 May  

·      At approximately 01:00, IOF infantry units moved nearly 1,000 meters into 'Abassan town, east of Khan Yunis. IOF troops raided a number of houses and transformed them into military sites. Later, IOF military vehicles, supported by air cover, moved into the area. They opened fire indiscriminately. At approximately 04:30, an IOF aircraft fired a missile at a number of activists of the Palestinian resistance who attempted to resist the incursion. Three activists were wounded. At approximately 07:00, IOF fired a tank shell at a gathering of Palestinian civilians and resistance activists. One civilian, 25-year-old Salem Msharraf 'Arafat, and a resistance activist were wounded. At approximately 09:55, IOF fired tank shells at a deserted house, in which a number of activists of the Palestinian resistance sheltered. Five activists were wounded. At approximately 13:40, an IOF aircraft fired 2 missiles at a number of activists of the Palestinian resistance. An activist was killed and 7 others were wounded. At approximately 14:55, an IOF aircraft fired a missile at a number of resistance activists near the cemetery of the area. Three activists were wounded. Also as a result of indiscriminate IOF shelling, a woman and 2 children were wounded: Fatema Mohammed Shaheen, 67; Sami Jameel Abu 'Anza, 16; and 'Aadel Ahmed Abu Khater, 16. At approximately 22:50, IOF started to redeploy outside of the area towards the border between the Gaza Strip and Israel. To cover their withdrawal, IOF opened fire indiscriminately. As a result, Wafaa’ Shaker al-Daghma, 30, was killed by shrapnel throughout the body. During the incursion, IOF arrested 60 Palestinian civilians, demolished 2 houses and razed large areas of agricultural land. The detainees were released on the following day, excluding 5 who remained in custody. According to a number of Palestinian civilians, IOF used them as human shields. Electricity was also cut off from the area.

 

·      At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Yatta village, south of Hebron. They raided and searched a number of houses belonging to Mohammed Salem Rasheed, 65, and arrested him and 4 of his sons: Hazem, 22; Hassan, 25; 'Abdul Karim, 28; and Mahmoud, 30.

 

·      Also at approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Sourif village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested 2 Palestinian civilians:

 

1.      Mohammed 'Ali al-Hour, 34

2.      Mahmoud Ibrahim al-Hour, 26.

 

·      At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Jenin town and refugee camp. They raided and searched a number of houses, but no arrests were reported.

 

·      At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Hebron. They raided and searched a house belonging to the family of Bassam 'Abdul Basset al-Tamimi, 16, and arrested him.   

 

2.      Extra-Judicial Executions

During the reporting period, IOF committed 2 extra-judicial executions in the southern Gaza Strip town of Rafah. Three activists of the Palestinian resistance were killed and a 4th one and 3 children were wounded.

According to investigations conducted by PCHR:

·      At approximately 16:50 on Wednesday, 30 April 2008, an IOF aircraft fired 2 missiles at a workshop of car painting belonging to Lutfi Mahmoud Salah in Abu Baker al-Siddiq Street in the southwest of Rafah. Three activists of the al-Quds Brigades (the armed wing of Islamic Jihad) were in the workshop. The two missiles hit the workshop directly. An activist was killed and 2 others were wounded; one of them died 2 days later. Additionally, Salah’s two children were injured.

 

The two activists who were killed have been identified as:

1.      'Awadh 'Abdul Fattah al-Qeeq, 33, who survived an extra-judicial execution attempt by IOF on 5 October 2007; and

2.      Ussama 'Abdul Hamid al-Houbi, 43.

 

Also injured in the attack:

 

1.      Karam Jaber Hammad, 27, an activist of the al-Quds Brigades, wounded by shrapnel throughout the body;

2.      Amjad Lutfi Salah, 9, wounded by shrapnel throughout the body; and

3.      Ahmed Lutfi Salah, 14, wounded by shrapnel throughout the body.

 

·      At approximately 09:15 on Thursday, 1 May 2008, an IOF aircraft fired 2 missiles at a field leader of the 'Izziddin al-Qassam Brigades (the armed wing of Hamas), 39-year-old Nafez Kamel Mansour, when he was walking in Bilal Ben Rabah Street in al-Shaboura refugee camp in Rafah. He was seriously wounded. He was evacuated to Abu Yousef al-Najjar Hospital in Rafah, but medical efforts to save his life failed. A passing child, 15-year-old Khouloud 'Abdul Hadi al-Najili, was also wounded by shrapnel throughout the body. Additionally, a number of houses and 2 cars were damaged.

 

3.      Continued Siege on the OPT

IOF have continued to impose a tightened siege on the OPT and imposed severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including Occupied East Jerusalem.

 

Gaza Strip

On 9 April 2008, IOF stopped the flow of already heavily reduced fuel supplies to the Gaza Strip. As a result, the humanitarian situation, which had already deteriorated due to the imposition of collective punishment on the civilian population since 15 June 2006, deteriorated even further. During the reporting period, IOF allowed the entry of just 170 tons of cooking gas into the Gaza Strip.

Monitoring by PCHR indicates that the Gaza Strip has become a de facto ghost town, especially during the day. Approximately 145 fuel stations and all suppliers of fuel and gas have shut down due to the total lack of supplies. Local sources indicate that the transportation sector is operating at 15% capacity, including public and private transportation. The civilian population finds it extremely difficult to reach places of work, study, and healthcare facilities.

The Ministry of Health (MOH) announced that most ambulances have stopped due to lack of fuel. In addition, the Ministry announced that it has started using its limited fuel reserves to operate health centers and essential medical equipment. The MOH warned that the expiry of this small reserve would paralyze the health sector and the remaining operational ambulances; thus depriving civilians of minimum healthcare services. In addition, hospitals and medical centers in the Gaza Strip are suffering from the absence of staff due to their inability to reach their workplaces. As a result, the operation of these institutions is severely threatened.  

Concerning the movement at Nahal Ouz crossing, east of Gaza City, which designed for the entry of fuels, from Thursday to Tuesday, 1-6 May 2008, IOF did not allow the entry of benzene and diesel into the Gaza Strip. They only allowed the entry of very limited amounts of domestic cooking gas that do not meet the actual need of the population. On Monday, 5 May 2008, IOF allowed the entry of 184,000 liters of diesel and 28,500 liters of benzene for UNRWA. During the reporting period, IOF allowed the entry of the following amounts of fuels:

Date

Benzene

Diesel

Cooking Gas

Energy Fuel

1 May

Nil

Nil

180 tons

681,000 liters

4 May

Nil

Nil

154 tons

522,000 liters

5 May

Nil

Nil

116 tons

270,000 liters

6 May

Nil

Nil

186 tons

908,000 liters

7 May

75,000 liters

800,000 liters

150 tons

400,000 liters

During the reporting period, IOF partially reopened al-Mentar (Karni) commercial crossing and allowed the entry of 6,370 tons of seeds and feeds.

Concerning the movement at Sofa crossing, northeast of Rafah, during the reporting period, it was as shown in the following table:

Date

Details

30 April 2008

58 containers of goods and humanitarian aids were entered into the Gaza Strip

1 May 2008

61.5 containers of goods were entered into the Gaza Strip

4 May 2008

62 containers of goods and humanitarian aids were entered into the Gaza Strip

5 May 2008

59 containers of goods and humanitarian aids were entered into the Gaza Strip

6 May 2008

57 containers of goods and humanitarian aids were entered into the Gaza Strip

With regard to Rafah International Crossing Point on the Egyptian border, the Egyptian authorities started to open it on a limited basis for a small number of patients. The movement the crossing during the reporting period was as shown in the following table:

1 May 2008

6 Palestinian civilians stuck in Egypt were allowed to travel back to Gaza 

3 May 2008

6 Palestinian civilian were allowed to travel to Egypt

4 May 2008

A Palestinian patient, 19-year-old Marwa Kuhail, traveled to Egypt to receive medical treatment

5 May

5 Palestinian patients who had received medical treatment in Egypt were allowed to travel back to the Gaza Strip

In the meantime, IOF have continued to close Karm Abu Salem (Kerem Shalom) crossing for more than 3 weeks.

 

The West Bank

IOF have imposed a tightened siege on the West Bank. IOF have also continued to prevent Palestinians aged below 35 from passing through some checkpoints, especially in the northern West Bank. During the reporting period, IOF imposed additional restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians.

·      Jerusalem: IOF have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians to and from the city. Thousands of Palestinian civilians from the West Bank and the Gaza Strip have been denied access to the city. IOF have established many checkpoints around and inside the city. Restrictions of the movement of Palestinian civilians often escalate on Fridays to prevent them from praying at the al-Aqsa Mosque. IOF often violently beat Palestinian civilians who attempt to bypass checkpoints and enter the city. IOF impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians on Fridays to restrict their access to the al-Aqsa Mosque. On Wednesday, 30 April 2008, IOF imposed a total closure on Jerusalem on the anniversary of the "Holocaust." IOF closed the city again on Tuesday, 6 May 2008.

 

·      Hebron: IOF have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians. On Tuesday evening, 6 May, IOF closed the entrance to Beit 'Awa village, southwest of Hebron, for several hours and denied movement to and from the village. on Wednesday morning, 7 May 2008, IOF erected a checkpoint at al-Saheb – Wadi al-Hariya intersection in the southwest of Hebron. They stopped, checked and humiliated Palestinian civilians.

 

At approximately 21:30 on Friday, 2 May, IOF troops positioned at a checkpoint established on Tawal Mohammed road to the south of al-Sammou’ village, south of Hebron, opened fire at Khalil Ahmed Mahmoud al-Za’areer, 27, when he was walking on the road near the checkpoint, which is located nearly 4 kilometers away from the village. He was wounded by several gunshots to the upper part of the body. IOF then took him to an unknown detination. At approximately 22:30 on the same day, IOF raided and searched al-Za’areer’s house without informing his family that he was wounded. On the following day morning, IOF informed the Palestinian side that al-Za’areer died of his wound. IOF claimed that al-Za’areer attempted to stab an IOF soldier.

 

·      Nablus: IOF have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians. On Wednesday morning, 30 April 2008, IOF erected a checkpoint near al-Lubban village, south of Nablus. They stopped and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles. On Sunday morning, 4 May, IOF closed Za’tara checkpoint, south of Nablus, for 2 hours. 

 

·      Tulkarm: IOF have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians. On Thursday, 1 May, IOF closed Wad al-Teen checkpoint, south of Tulkarm, from 06:00 to 09:00. On Saturday, 3 May, IOF troops positioned at Ennab checkpoint, east of Tulkarm, imposed additional restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians, especially those aged below 35. On Sunday, 4 May 2008, IOF erected a checkpoint at Ektaba intersection, east of Tulkarm. They stopped and searched dozens of Palestinian civilian vehicles. On Tuesday, 6 May, IOF erected a checkpoint at al-Jaroushiya intersection, north of Tulkarm. They stopped and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles.

 

On Thursday evening, 1 May, IOF troops positioned at Wad al-Teen checkpoint, south of Tulkarm, arrested 2 Palestinians from Jayous village, northeast of Qalqilya:

 

1.      Saleh Mohammed Noufal, a member of the Palestinian Preventive Security Services; and

2.      Mo’ayad Mohammed Khaled, 29, a member of the Palestinian General Intelligence Service.

 

·      Qalqilya: At approximately 13:00 on Wednesday, 30 April, IOF troops violently beat Yousef As’ad al-Tabeeb, 17, when he was on his way back home in 'Izbat al-Tabeeb village, east of Qalqilya. They also confiscated his mobile phone.

 

At approximately 08:30 on Saturday, 3 May, IOF troops positioned at the gate of 'Azzoun 'Atma village, south of Qalqilya, violently beat 'Aa’ed 'Ali Taha, 24. He sustained bruises throughout the body. IOF claimed that Taha participated in a demonstration organized on 14 April 2008 against the closure of the gate.   

 

 

4.     Construction of the Annexation Wall

IOF have continued to construct the Annexation Wall inside West Bank territory. During the reporting period, IOF used force against a peaceful demonstration organized by Palestinian civilians and international and Israeli human rights defenders in protest to the construction of the Wall in Bal’ein village, west of Ramallah, and al-Ma’sara village, south of Bethlehem.

·      On Wednesday morning, 30 April, IOF handed notices to 6 Palestinian civilians in Beit 'Awa village, southwest of Hebron, that their houses, which are located 450-1,000 meters away from the Annexation Wall, would be demolished:

 

1.      A 75-square-meter house belonging to 'Abdul Rahman Taha Swaiti;

2.      A 180-square-meter house belonging to Mousa Taha Swaiti;

3.      A 150-square-meter house belonging to Na’el Yousef Swaiti;

4.      A 160-square-meter house belonging to Rajeh 'Abdul 'Aziz Swaiti;

5.      A 180-square-meter, 2-storey house belonging to Haitham 'Abdul Hadi Swaiti; and

6.      A 100-square-meter house belonging to 'Ouda Qadri al-Hroub.

 

IOF claimed that the houses were built without licenses, and gave the owners an indulgence until 24 May to appeal against the decision of demolition.

 

·      Following the Friday Prayer on 2 May, scores of Palestinian civilians and international and Israeli human rights defenders demonstrated in Bal’ein village, west of Ramallah, in protest to the construction of the Wall. The demonstrators moved towards the Wall, but IOF closed all gates designed for crossing the Wall. The demonstrators then set fire to tires in protest to the closure of gates. Immediately, IOF troops fired rubber-coated metal bullets and tear gas canisters at the demonstrators. As a result, dozens of demonstrators suffered from tear gas inhalation.

 

·      Also following the Friday Prayer on 2 May, scores of Palestinian civilians and international and Israeli human rights defenders demonstrated in al-Ma’sara village, south of Bethlehem. The demonstrators moved towards Palestinian land which were confiscated by IOF. IOF troops placed barbwire near the land to prevent the demonstrators from moving forward. They also violently beat a number of demonstrators. As a result, 3 Palestinian civilians sustained bruises and others suffered from tear gas inhalation.

 

5.      Settlement Activities and Attacks by Settlers against Palestinian Civilians and Property

IOF have continued settlement activities in the OPT in violation of international humanitarian law, and Israeli settlers have continued to attack Palestinian civilians and property.

 

·      During the reporting period, IOF revealed a plan to expand "Har Brakha" settlement, south of Nablus. The plan includes the construction of several housing units on 229 donums of land belonging to Bourin village. "Har Brakha" settlement was established in 1982, and 547 Israeli settlers live in it.

 

·      At approximately 15:00 on Friday, 2 May, at least 15 armed Israeli settlers attacked a Palestinian family in al-Teera area in the west of Ramallah. According to Bassem al-Khaldi, 46, Head of the United Nations Special Coordinator Office in the OPT (UNSCO), he, his wife, their two children and Na’ima al-Sheikh Ali, Member of the Palestinian Legislative Council, and her child were in a barbeque trip in al-Teera area in the west of Ramallah. At least 15 Israeli settlers apparently coming from "Yad Ta’ir" settlement, nearly 2 kilometers away from the area, attacked them with stones. Al-Khaldi’s child, 10-year-old Karam, was hit by a stone to the chest, and al-Sheikh Ali was hit by a stone to the foot. The settlers also beat al-Khaldi’s wife, 40-year-old E’tidal, on her back with sticks. When al-Khaldi attempted to defend his wife, the settlers pointed their guns at him and attempted to attack him. He attempted to show them his identity and pointed at his car, which is marked by the UN badge. The settlers left the area later.

 

·      At approximately 15:15 also on Friday, 3 Israeli settlers attacked a number of Palestinian civilians in Tawani village, south of Hebron, using stones and sticks. A number of international solidarity activists arrived at the area to protect those civilians. Soon, more Israeli settlers came to the area and attacked the solidarity activists. They attempted to steal cameras from those activists. Soon after, IOF arrived at the area and forced Palestinian civilians to move towards the center of their village. They also detained 5 civilians for some hours. As a result of such attacks, a Palestinian civilian and 2 international solidarity activists sustained bruises:

 

1.      Kamal Hassan Reb’ei, 26;

2.      Pierre Georgio, 30, from Operation Dove; and

3.      Lior, 28, from the Christian Peace Team.

 

·      On Saturday afternoon, 3 May, a number of Israeli settlers from "Yits’har" settlement, south of Nablus, attacked a house belonging to Jamal Yousef Saleh in the southeast of Southern 'Assira village, south of Nablus. The settlers set fired to agricultural areas and threw stones at the house. A number of villager came to the area to support Saleh and assist him to extinguish fire. The settlers violently beat a number of villagers. As a result, Hammas Muneer 'Abdul Latif, 16, and Rebhi 'Abdul Karim 'Assaira, 44, sustained bruises. IOF troops arrived at the area to support the settlers. They handcuffed, blindfolded and violently beat Saleh several times. In the end, they carried him and hem dumped him on a pile of stones. He was injured and sustained bruises.    

 

…………………………………………………………

Recommendations to the International Community

1.      PCHR calls upon the High Contracting Parties to the Fourth Geneva Convention to fulfill their legal and moral obligations under Article 1 of the Convention to ensure Israel's respect for the Convention in the Occupied Palestinian Territory.  PCHR believes that the conspiracy of silence practiced by the international community has encouraged Israel to act as if it is above the law and encourages Israel continue to violate international human rights and humanitarian law.

 

2.      PCHR calls upon the High Contracting Parties to the Fourth Geneva Convention to convene a conference to take effective steps to ensure Israel's respect of the Convention in the OPT and to provide immediate protection for Palestinian civilians.

 

3.      PCHR calls upon the High Contracting Parties to the Fourth Geneva Convention to comply with its legal obligations detailed in Article 146 of the Convention to search for and prosecute those responsible for grave breaches, namely war crimes.

 

4.      PCHR calls for the immediately implementation of the Advisory Opinion issued by the International Court of Justice, which considers the construction of the Annexation Wall inside the West Bank illegal.

 

5.      PCHR recommends international civil society organizations, including human rights organizations, bar associations and NGOs to participate in the process of exposing those accused of grave breaches of international law and to urge their governments to bring these people to justice.

 

6.      PCHR calls upon the European Union to activate Article 2 of the Euro-Israel Association Agreement, which provides that Israel must respect human rights as a precondition for economic cooperation between the EU states and Israel.  PCHR further calls upon the EU states to prohibit import of goods produced in illegal Israeli settlements in the OPT.

 

7.      PCHR calls on the international community to recognize the Gaza disengagement plan, which was implemented last year, for what it is - not an end to occupation but a compounding of the occupation and the humanitarian crisis in the Gaza Strip. 

 

8.      In recognition of ICRC as the guardian of the Fourth Geneva Convention, PCHR calls upon the ICRC to increase its staff and activities in the OPT, including the facilitation of family visitations to Palestinian prisoners in Israeli jails.

 

9.      PCHR appreciates the efforts of international civil society, including human rights organizations, bar associations, unions and NGOs, and urges them to continue their role in pressuring their governments to secure Israel's respect for human rights in the OPT and to end its attacks on Palestinian civilians.

 

10.  PCHR calls upon the international community to pressure Israel to lift the severe restrictions imposed by the Israeli government and its occupation forces on access for international organizations to the OPT.

 

11.  PCHR reiterates that any political settlement not based on international human rights law and humanitarian law cannot lead to a peaceful and just solution of the Palestinian question.  Rather, such an arrangement can only lead to further suffering and instability in the region.  Any peace agreement or process must be based on respect for international law, including international human rights and humanitarian law.

 

…………………………………………………………

 

Public Document

For further information please visit our website (http://www.pchrgaza.org) or contact PCHR’s office in Gaza City, Gaza Strip by email (pchr@pchrgaza.org) or telephone (+972 (0)8 2824776 – 2825893).

 


 

[1] 1donum is equal to 1,000 square meters.


:: Article nr. 43878 sent on 09-may-2008 10:01 ECT

www.uruknet.info?p=43878

Link: www.pchrgaza.org/files/W_report/English/2008/08-05-2008.htm



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