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Weekly Report On Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (16 – 22 December. 2010)

PCHR - Palestinian Centre for Human Rights

23-50-w50.jpg

The Settlers Burn a Flock of Sheep Belonging to a Palestinian in 'Aqraba Village – Nablus



PCHR, December 23, 2010

- 5 activist of the Palestinian resistance were killed by IOF in the Gaza Strip.

- Another 4 activists were wounded by Israeli air strikes.

 

- IOF continued to fire at Palestinian workers, farmers and fishermen in border areas in the Gaza Strip.

- Two Palestinian workers, including a child, and one shepherd were wounded.

 

- Israeli warplanes attacked a number of targets in the Gaza Strip. 

- A factory of dairy products was destroyed in the southern Gaza Strip.

- A house and a grocery were destroyed and another two houses were damaged in Rafah.

- A bird farm was damaged and 1,800 chickens were killed.

- Two sites of the 'Izziddin al-Qassam Brigades (the armed wing of Hamas) were destroyed.

 

- IOF continued to use force against peaceful protests in the West Bank.

- 5 Palestinian civilians were wounded.

- IOF arrested 5 human rights defenders. 

 

- IOF conducted 34 incursions into Palestinian communities in the West Bank.  

- IOF arrested 22 Palestinian civilians, including two children.

 

- Israel has continued to impose a total siege on the OPT and has isolated the Gaza Strip from the outside world.

 

- Israel has continued to take measures aimed at creating a Jewish demographic majority in Jerusalem.

- IOF demolished a houses and forced two Palestinian civilians to demolish their houses in Jerusalem.

 

- IOF have continued settlement activities in the West Bank and Israeli settlers have continued to attack Palestinian civilians and property.

- Israeli settlers attacked two children in Jenin and burnt a cattle of sheep in Nablus.

- IOF demolished a house in Bethlehem and 4 stores in Hebron.

- IOF confiscated 50 donums[1] of land in Beit Eksa village near Jerusalem.

 

Summary

 

Israeli violations of international law and humanitarian law in the OPT continued during the reporting period (16 – 22 December 2010):

 

Shooting:

 

During the reporting period, IOF killed 5 activists of the Palestinian resistance and wound 4 others in the Gaza Strip. They also wounded 8 Palestinian civilians, including a child in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank.

 

On 18 December 2010, an IOF drone fired a missile at a number of activists of the Palestinian resistance in the central Gaza Strip who were attempting to fire home-made rockets into Israel. As a result, 5 activists were killed.

 

On 20 December 2010, two activists of the Palestinian resistance were wounded when Israeli warplanes bombarded a site of the 'Izziddin al-Qassam Brigades (the armed wing of Hamas) in Khan Yunis. On 21 December 2010, another two activists were wounded when Israeli warplanes bombarded another site in Rafah. 

 

During the reporting period, IOF fired at Palestinian workers who were collecting scraps of construction materials. As a result, two workers, including a child, were wounded by Israeli gunfire. 

 

On 19 December 2010, a Palestinian shepherd was wounded by Israeli gunfire in the northern Gaza Strip. 

 

During the reporting period, Israeli warplanes attacked a number of targets in the Gaza Strip. As a result, a factory of dairy products, a house, a grocery and two paramilitary sites were destroyed and two houses and a bird farm were damaged.  Additionally, 1,800 chickens were killed.

 

 

During the reporting period, IOF used excessive force to disperse peaceful demonstrations organized in protest to Israeli settlement activities and the construction of the annexation wall. As a result, 5 Palestinian civilians were wounded, and dozens of Palestinian civilians and international human rights defenders suffered from tear gas inhalation or sustained bruises.   IOF also arrested 3 Israeli human rights defenders and two international ones.

 

Incursions:

 

During the reporting period, IOF conducted at least 34 military incursions into Palestinian communities in the West Bank, during which they arrested 22 Palestinian civilians, including two children.

 

Restrictions on Movement:

 

Israel had continued to impose a tightened siege on the OPT and imposed severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem.

 

Gaza Strip

 

Israel has continuously closed all border crossings to the Gaza Strip for over three years. The illegal Israeli-imposed closure of the Gaza Strip, which has steadily tightened since June 2007, has had a disastrous impact on the humanitarian and economic situation in the Gaza Strip. 

 

· The illegal closure has caused not only a humanitarian crisis but a crisis of human rights and human dignity for the population of the Gaza Strip. Measures declared recently to ease the blockade are vague, purely cosmetic and fail to deal with the root causes of the crisis, which can only be addressed by an immediate and complete lifting of the closure, including lifting the travel ban into and out of the Gaza Strip and the ban on exports. PCHR is concerned that the new Israeli policy is simply shifting Gaza to another form of illegal blockade, one that may become internationally accepted and institutionalized. Palestinians in Gaza may no longer suffer from the same shortage of goods, but they will remain economically dependent and unable to care for themselves, and socially, culturally and academically isolated from the rest of the world.

 

· Expanding the list of items allowed into Gaza does not change the illegality of this policy, which is inconsistent with Israel’s legal obligations both as an Occupying Power and under international human rights treaties to which it is party, such as the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. 

 

· Facts on the ground refute Israeli claims with respect to the easing of the closure imposed on the Gaza Strip and the reduction of restrictions imposed on the entry of goods.

 

· Israeli declaration of allowing new goods to be entered into the Gaza Strip constitutes an attempt to delude the international community, as such goods do not meet the minimal needs of the Gaza Strip. 

 

· IOF have continued to ban the entry of raw construction materials into the Gaza Strip. 

 

· IOF have imposed a ban on all exports from the Gaza Strip. 

 

· Israel had continued to close Beit Hanoun (Erez) crossing to Palestinian civilians wishing to travel to the West Bank and Israeli for medical treatment, trade or social visits.

 

· Israel has imposed additional access restrictions on international diplomats, journalists and humanitarian workers seeking to enter the Gaza Strip. They have prevented representatives of several international humanitarian organizations from entering the Gaza Strip.

 

· Living conditions of the Palestinian civilian population have seriously deteriorated; levels of poverty and unemployment have mounted sharply.

 

West Bank

 

IOF have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians throughout the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Thousands of Palestinian civilians from the West Bank and the Gaza Strip continue to be denied access to Jerusalem.

 

· IOF have established checkpoints in and around Jerusalem, severely restricting Palestinian access to the city. Civilians are frequently prevented from praying at al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem.

 

· There are approximately 585 permanent roadblocks, and manned and unmanned checkpoints across the West Bank.

 

· When complete, the illegal Annexation Wall will stretch for 724 kilometers around the West Bank, further isolating the entire population. 350 kilometers of the Wall have already been constructed. Approximately 99% of the Wall has been constructed inside the West Bank itself, further confiscating Palestinian land.

 

· At least 65% of the main roads that lead to 18 Palestinian communities in the West Bank are closed or fully controlled by IOF.

 

· There are approximately 500 kilometers of restricted roads across the West Bank. In addition, approximately one third of the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem, is inaccessible to Palestinians without a permit issued by the IOF. These permits are extremely difficult to obtain.

 

· IOF continue to harass, and assault demonstrators who hold peaceful protests against the construction of the Annexation Wall.

 

· Palestinian civilians continue to be harassed by IOF in Jerusalem, and across the West Bank, including being regularly stopped and searched in the streets by IOF.

 

Measures Aimed at Creating a Jewish Demographic Majority in Jerusalem: 

 

IOF have continued to take measures at creating a Jewish majority in Jerusalem.

 

During the reporting period, Israeli occupation authorities demolished a house and forces two Palestinian civilians to demolish their houses, claiming that the houses were built without licenses.

 

Settlement Activities:

 

Israel has continued its settlement activities in the OPT in violation of international humanitarian law, and Israeli settlers have continued to attack Palestinian civilians and property. 

 

On 17 December 2010, IOF issued a military order confiscating 50 donums of land in Beit Eksa village, northwest of Jerusalem, for the purpose of the establishment of a railway between Jerusalem and Tel Aviv. 

 

On 17 December 2010, a number of Israeli settlers from "Hourmish" settlement, southwest of Jenin, attacked two Palestinian children. IOF intervened, evacuated the settlers from the area and arrested the two children. IOF interrogated the two children and released them at night.

 

On 18 December 2010, a number of Israeli settlers from "Eitamar" settlement, southeast of Nablus, attacked Sameer Mohammed Bani Fadel, while he was grazing animals in the east of 'Aqraba village. The shepherd was forced to flee from the area leaving his cattle. The settlers gathered sheep in one place and set fire around them. As a result, 12 sheep were killed, and 7 others sustained serious burns.

 

On 20 December 2010, IOF, accompanied by bulldozers, moved into Tallat al-Ziar area to the east of "Kiryat Arba" settlement, southeast of Hebron. They demolished 4 agricultural stores belonging to the hires of Sa'id Mohammed Jaber, claiming that they were built without a license. 

 

On21 December 2010, IOF moved into al-No'man village, east of Bethlehem. They demolished a 140-square-meter house belonging to Ra'ed Daoud al-Shawawra, in which 6 individuals live. Israeli soldiers violently beat a number of Palestinian civilians who attempted to stop the demolition, and they then fired tear gas canisters. As a result, Waleed Mahmoud Shawawra, 19, sustained an injury to the face and bruises throughout the body. IOF claimed that the house was built without a license. 

 

 


Israeli Violations Documented during the Reporting Period (16 – 22 December 2010)

 

1. Incursions into Palestinian Areas and Attacks on Palestinian Civilians and Property in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip

 

Thursday, 16 December 2010

 

· At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Dura town, southwest of Hebron. They raided, searched and damaged a number of houses and stores, and a building where the Palestinian Magistrate Court and Military Prosecution are based. They arrested 6 Palestinian civilians and confiscated a number of cars. The detainees are:

 

  1. Shadi Khalil al-Rajoub, 23;
  2. Nour Ahmed al-'Awawda, 24;
  3. Yousef Mahmoud al-'Awawda, 26;
  4. 'Emad Yousef Rabai'a, 25;
  5. Bassem Kamel Nassar, 23; and
  6. Mohammed Yousef 'Amru, 27.

 

· At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Tulkarm. They raided and searched a house belonging to the family of Bassel 'Abdul Karim Nassar, 30, and arrested him. 

 

· At approximately 10:00, IOF moved into 'Azzoun village, east of Qalqilya. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.

 

· At approximately 10:30, IOF moved into al-Zababda and Raba villages, southeast of Jenin. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.

 

· At approximately 12:40, IOF moved into Kufor al-Dik village, west of Salfit. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.

 

· At approximately 13:40, IOF moved into Kufol Hares village, north of Salfit. They set up a tent at the entrance of the village.

 

· At approximately 22:40, IOF moved into Kufor Hares village, north of Salfit, to allow Israeli settlers to conduct religious rituals in the village. They withdrew from the village at approximately 04:00 on the following day, and no house raids or arrests were reported.

 

Friday, 17 December 2010

 

· At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Nabi Saleh village, northwest of Ramallah. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No house raids or arrests were reported.

 

· At approximately 09:50, IOF moved into Bedya village, west of Salfit. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No house raids or arrests were reported.

 

· At approximately 14:40, IOF moved into the area between 'Azzoun and 'Izbat al-Tabib villages. They patrolled in the area for some time and withdrew later.

 

· At approximately 17:00, IOF moved into Zabbouba village, northwest of Jenin. They raided a number of houses and forced their residents out, claiming that a number of Palestinian boys threw stones at the annexation wall. 'Emad 'Aaref Jaradat, Chairman of the Local Council of the village stated to PCHR that IOF requested him to prevent boys from throwing stones. IOF withdrew from the village later and no arrests were reported.

 

· At approximately 21:00, IOF moved into Kufor al-Dik village, west of Salfit. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No house raids or arrests were reported.

 

· At approximately 23:45, IOF moved into Kufor Qaddoum village, east of Qalqilya. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No house raids or arrests were reported.

 

Saturday, 18 December 2010

 

· At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Nabi Elias village, east of Qalqilya. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No house raids or arrests were reported.

 

· At approximately 10:00, IOF moved into al-Zababda village, southeast of Jenin. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No house raids or arrests were reported.

 

· Also at approximately 10:00, IOF moved into Qabatya village, southeast of Jenin. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No house raids or arrests were reported.

 

· At approximately 12:20, IOF moved into Saida village, north of Tulkarm. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No house raids or arrests were reported.

 

· At approximately 19:30, IOF moved into the area located between 'Azzoun and 'Izbat al-Tabib villages, east of Qalqilya. They patrolled in the area for some time and withdrew later.

 

· At approximately 21:00, IOF moved into al-Mentar area near 'Azzoun village, east of Qalqilya. They surrounded it by barbwire to prevent Palestinian farmers from reaching it.

 

· At approximately 22:30, an IOF drone fired a missile at a number of activists of the Palestinian resistance who were attempting to fire a home-made rocket onto Israel from a tract of land belonging to the Shahin family in Abu Houli area in the south of the central Gaza Strip town of Deir al-Balah. Five activists were instantly killed:

 

  1. 'Abdullah Hassan al-Shraihi, 23, from Deir al-Balah;
  2. Mohammed Mo'ein al-'Assar, 22, from Deir al-Balah;
  3. Bilal Yasser Zannoun, 21, from Rafah;
  4. Khalil Tawfiq al-Tawil, 23, from Khan Yunis; and
  5. Bassel 'Emad Abu Jazar, 18, from Rafah.

 

Sunday, 19 December 2010

 

· At approximately 09:00, Israeli soldiers stationed on observation towers at the border between the Gaza Strip and Israel to the northern of the Bedouin Village in the northern Gaza Strip fired at a number of Palestinian shepherds in the north of the village. As a result, Ejmai'an Fareed Abu Hwaishel, 19, was wounded by a bullet to the right foot.

 

· At approximately 13:00, IOF moved into Wadi al-Sheikh quarter in the southeast of Beit Ummar town, north of Hebron. They raided and searched a number of houses, claiming that young men threw stones at an Israeli military checkpoint established at Beit Ummar intersection. They arrested Shadi Salah al-'Allami, 34. 

 

· At approximately 22:30, IOF moved into Um al-Dalia neighborhood and Tariq Ben Ziad Street in the south of Hebron. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested two Palestinian civilians:

 

  1. Ahmed Yousef Erfa'iya, 22; and
  2. Mohammed Taleb Abu Turki, 25.

 

Monday, 20 December 2010

 

· At approximately 02:15, IOF moved into Kufor Qallil village, south of Nablus. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested 3 Palestinian civilians:

 

1. Saleh Sa'di 'Aamer, 20;

2. Tamer Khaled 'Aamer, 23; and

3. Ra'fat Mohammed 'Aamer, 30.

 

· At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Beit Hassan village, northeast of Nablus. They raided and searched a house belonging to Mohammed Saleh Abu Zour, 46, and arrested him together with his two sons: Adham, 24; and Eihab, 22.

 

· At approximately 08:00, IOF moved into Zabbouba village, northwest of Jenin. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No house raids or arrests were reported.

 

· At approximately 09:00, Israeli soldiers stationed on observation towers to the north of Beit Lahia town in the northern Gaza Strip opened fire at a number of Palestinian workers who were collecting scraps of construction materials from a site where the evacuated Israeli settlement of "Elli Sinai" used to stand. As a result, Rafeeq 'Aayesh al-Sous, 30, from Beit Lahia, was wounded by a bullet to the left leg, when he was nearly 600 meters away from the border between the Gaza Strip and Israel.

 

· At approximately 10:00, IOF moved into Ramin village, east of Tulkarm, and patrolled in the streets. They stopped Ameen 'Ali Suleiman, 20, and summoned him for interrogation on 22 December 2010.

 

· At approximately 10:30, IOF moved into al-Taybeh village, northwest of Jenin. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No house raids or arrests were reported.

 

· At approximately 12:00, IOF moved into Beit Leed village, east of Tulkarm. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No house raids or arrests were reported.

 

· At approximately 23:20, an Israeli warplane fired a missile at a site of the 'Izziddin al-Qassam Brigades (the armed wing of Hamas) in the west of the southern Gaza Strip town of Khan Yunis. Fire broke out and two members of the brigades were wounded. One of the wounded lost his left leg.

 

Tuesday, 21 December 2010

 

· At approximately 00:15, Israeli warplanes bombarded an empty tract of land belonging to Khaled Ibrahim Salman in Hamdoush area in the northern Gaza Strip town of Beit Lahia. As a result, a nearby bird farm belonging to Salah 'Abdul Hadi Taha was damaged and at least 1,800 chickens were killed.

 

· Also at approximately 00:15, an Israeli warplane fired a missile at a house belonging to Samar Marzouq Abu Mo'ammar in al-Shouka village, northeast of the southern Gaza Strip town of Rafah. As a result, the 110-square-meter house, which was uninhabited, was completely destroyed. Additionally, a grocery was destroyed and two houses were damaged:

 

  1. A 24-square-meter grocery belonging to Hatezm Marzouq Abu Mo'ammar was destroyed;
  2. A 110-square-meter house belonging to Tawfiq Shihada Abu Mo'ammar, in which 10 individuals live, was damaged; and
  3. A 100-square-meter house belonging to Tawfiq Shihada Abu Mo'ammar, in which 11 individuals live, was damaged.

 

· At approximately 00:25, an Israeli warplane fired a missile at a 120-square-meter factory of dairy products in the northwest of the southern Gaza Strip town of Khan Yunis. The factory whose operation was stopped one month ago was completely destroyed. 

 

· At approximately 00:30, Israeli warplanes bombarded a space area in the east of the northern Gaza Strip town of Jabalya, located nearly 600 meters away from the border between the Gaza Strip and Israel. No casualties were reported.

 

· Also at approximately 00:30, IOF moved into Sirris village, south of Jenin. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No house raids or arrests were reported.

 

· Also at approximately 00:30, IOF moved into al-Jdaida village, south of Jenin. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No house raids or arrests were reported.

 

· At approximately 00:45, an Israeli warplane fired a missile at a tunnel on the Egyptian border near Yibna refugee camp in the south of Rafah. The tunnel was destroyed, but no casualties were reported.

 

· At approximately 07:15, Israeli soldiers stationed on observation towers to the north of Beit Lahia town in the northern Gaza Strip opened fire at a number of Palestinian workers who were collecting scraps of construction materials from a site where the evacuated Israeli settlement of "Elli Sinai" used to stand. As a result, Rami Hassan Sous, 17, from Beit Lahia, was wounded by a bullet to the right leg, when he was nearly 400 meters away from the border between the Gaza Strip and Israel.

 

· At approximately 16:30, an IOF drone fired a missile at a site of the 'Izziddin al-Qassam Brigades (the armed wing of Hamas) in the northwest of the southern Gaza Strip town of Rafah. An hour later, Israeli warplanes fired 3 missiles at the site, completely destroying it. Two members of the brigades were wounded.

 

· At approximately 15:30, IOF moved into Seilat al-Harthiya village, northwest of Jenin, and patrolled in the streets. A number of Palestinian boys gathered and threw stones at Israeli military vehicles. Immediately, Israeli soldiers fired tear gas canisters at them. They also raided a number of houses and summoned Mohammed Wajeeh Jaradat, 25, for interrogation.

 

Wednesday, 22 December 2010

 

· At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Beit Kahel village, northwest of Hebron. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested two Palestinian civilians:

 

  1. Sayaf Ibrahim al-'Asafra, 25; and
  2. 'Omar Ahmed al-'Asafra, 22.

 

· At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Tarqoumia village, southwest of Hebron. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested 3 Palestinian civilians:

 

  1. Eyad Hassan Fatafta, 33;
  2. Ziad Hassan Fatafta, 30; and
  3. Nash'at 'Atallah Fatafta, 22.

 

· At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Nour Shams refugee camp, east of Tulkarm. They raided and searched a house belonging to the family of Yasser Mahmoud 'Abdul Rahim, 21, and arrested him. They also confiscated a computer set from the house. It is worth noting that 'Abdul Rahim had been released from Israeli jails on 28 September 2010.

 

· At approximately 12:25, Israeli soldiers positioned at the border between the Gaza Strip and Israel to the east of Jabalya town in the northern Gaza Strip opened fire at Palestinian farmers who were working on their agricultural land, but no casualties were reported. 

 

2. Use of Excessive Force against Peaceful Demonstrations Protesting Settlement Activities and the Construction of the Annexation Wall

 

During the reporting period, IOF used force against peaceful demonstrations organized by Palestinian civilians and international and Israeli human rights defenders in protest to the construction of the Wall and settlement activities in the West Bank. As a result, 5 Palestinian civilians were wounded. Dozens of Palestinian civilians and human rights defenders also suffered from tear gas inhalation and others sustained bruises.  Additionally, IOF arrested 3 Israeli human rights defenders and two international ones.  

   

· Following the Friday Prayer on 17 December 2010, dozens of Palestinian civilians and international and Israeli human rights defenders organized a peaceful demonstration in Bil'ein village, west of Ramallah, in protest to the construction of the annexation wall. They moved towards the annexation wall. Israeli soldiers stationed in the area fired rubber-coated metal bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at the demonstrators. As a result, a number of demonstrators suffered from tear gas inhalation and others sustained bruises as they were beaten by Israeli soldiers. 

  

· Also following the Friday Prayer on 17 December 2010, dozens of Palestinian civilians and international and human rights defenders organized a peaceful demonstration in Ne'lin village, west of Ramallah, in protest against the construction of the annexation wall. They clashed with Israeli troops positioned near the Wall. Israeli troops fired rubber-coated metal bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at demonstrators. As a result, dozens of demonstrators suffered from tear gas inhalation, and others sustained bruises. IOF also arrested a German human rights defender, Martin, 20.

 

· Also following the Friday Prayer on 17 December 2010, dozens of Palestinian civilians and international and Israeli human rights defenders organized a peaceful demonstration in Nabi Saleh village, northwest of Ramallah, in commemoration of the late Palestinian President Yasser Arafat, and in protest against land confiscations in the Wad al-Raya area between the villages of Nabi Saleh and Deir Nizam. When the demonstrators attempted to reach areas of land seized by Israeli settlers near "Halmish" settlement, Israeli troops fired rubber-coated metal bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, 5 Palestinian civilians were wounded:

 

  1. Ra'fat Tal'at al-Barghouthi, 22, hit by a tear gas canister to the head;
  2. Ref'at Wajeeh Tamimi, 22, wounded by a rubber-coated metal bullet to the right hand;
  3. Sharaf Fadel Tamimi, 19, wounded by a rubber-coated metal bullet to the right hand;
  4. Jihad Mohammed Tamimi, 21, wounded by a rubber-coated metal bullet to the foot; and
  5. Faraj Moneer Tamimi, 27, wounded by a rubber-coated metal bullet to the right hand.

 

A number of demonstrators also suffered from tear gas inhalation and others . IOF also arrested an Israeli human rights defender. They further turned the roof of a house belonging to 'Abdul Hafiz al-Tamimi into a military site until approximately 16:30.

 

· At approximately 11:30 on Saturday, 18 December 2010, dozens of Palestinian civilians and international human rights defenders organized a peaceful demonstration in Beit Ummar town, north of Hebron, in protest to Israeli settlement activities and the establishment of a fence at the main road near the village. The demonstrators moved towards the eastern entrance of the village, where an Israeli military checkpoint and an observation tower stand. Immediately, Israeli soldiers fired tear gas canisters and sound bombs at the demonstrators. As a result, a number of demonstrators suffered from tear gas inhalation. Israeli soldiers also arrested 3 Israeli human rights defender and an Israeli one.  While attacking the demonstrators, Israeli soldiers turned a house belonging to Sami 'Abdul Majid Bahar into a military site.

 

3. Continued Closure of the OPT

 

Israel has continued to impose a tightened closure of the OPT and imposed severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem.

 

Gaza Strip

 

Israel has continuously closed all border crossings to the Gaza Strip for over three years. The illegal Israeli-imposed closure of the Gaza Strip, which has steadily tightened since June 2007, has had a disastrous impact on the humanitarian and economic situation in the Gaza Strip.

 

· The illegal closure has caused not only a humanitarian crisis but a crisis of human rights and human dignity for the population of the Gaza Strip. Measures declared recently to ease the blockade are vague, purely cosmetic and fail to deal with the root causes of the crisis, which can only be addressed by an immediate and complete lifting of the closure, including lifting the travel ban into and out of the Gaza Strip and the ban on exports. PCHR is concerned that the new Israeli policy is simply shifting Gaza to another form of illegal blockade, one that may become internationally accepted and institutionalized. Palestinians in Gaza may no longer suffer from the same shortage of goods, but they will remain economically dependent and unable to care for themselves, and socially, culturally and academically isolated from the rest of the world.

 

· Expanding the list of items allowed into Gaza does not change the illegality of this policy, which is inconsistent with Israel’s legal obligations both as an Occupying Power and under international human rights treaties to which it is party, such as the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. 

 

· Facts on the ground refute Israeli claims with respect to the easing of the closure imposed on the Gaza Strip and the reduction of restrictions imposed on the entry of goods.

 

· Israeli declaration of allowing new goods to be entered into the Gaza Strip constitutes an attempt to delude the international community, as such goods do not meet the minimal needs of the Gaza Strip. 

 

· IOF have continued to ban the entry of raw construction materials into the Gaza Strip. 

 

· IOF have imposed a ban on all exports from the Gaza Strip. 

 

· Israel had continued to close Beit Hanoun (Erez) crossing to Palestinian civilians wishing to travel to the West Bank and Israeli for medical treatment, trade or social visits.

 

· Israel has imposed additional access restrictions on international diplomats, journalists and humanitarian workers seeking to enter the Gaza Strip. They have prevented representatives of several international humanitarian organizations from entering the Gaza Strip.

 

· Living conditions of the Palestinian civilian population have seriously deteriorated; levels of poverty and unemployment have mounted sharply.

 

Movement at Border Crossings during the Reporting Period:

 

At approximately 13:00 on Tuesday, 01 June 2010, the Egyptian authorities decided to open Rafah International Crossing Point on the Egyptian border in both directions without specifying a date for its closure. The Egyptian decisions came following the Israeli attack on the Gaza-aid flotilla in international water. On the following morning, the crossing point was effectively opened and restricted categories of Palestinian civilians were allowed to travel through it.

Movement at Rafah International Crossing Point

15 – 21 December 2010

 

Date

Details

15 December 2010

274 Palestinians were allowed to travel to Egypt and 241 persons, including Prince Waleed Ben Talal and an accompanying delegation, and 70 tons of medicines were allowed into the Gaza Strip.

16 December 2010

381 Palestinians were allowed to travel to Egypt and 332 others were allowed into the Gaza Strip.

17 December 2010

Closed.

18 December 2010

Two Palestinians and the body of a dead one were allowed into the Gaza Strip.

19 December 2010

399 Palestinians were allowed to travel to Egypt and 467 others were allowed into the Gaza Strip.

20 December 2010

262 Palestinians were allowed to travel to Egypt and 203 others were allowed into the Gaza Strip.

21 December 2010

213 Palestinians were allowed to travel to Egypt and 280 others were allowed into the Gaza Strip.

 

Movement at Karm Abu Salem (Kerem Shalom) Crossing

15 -21 December 2010

 

Date

Imports

Category

Amount

Tons

Liters

15 December 2010

Foodstuffs

769

 

Agricultural materials

172

 

Various goods

1,445

 

Humanitarian aids

183

 

Cooking gas

68.570

 

Industrial fuel

 

182,106

16 December 2010

Foodstuffs

1,111

 

Agricultural materials

282

 

Various goods

1,338

 

Humanitarian aids

7 truckloads

 

Cooking gas

89.870

 

Industrial fuel

 

316,519

Diesel

 

135,020

19 December 2010

Foodstuffs

745

 

Agricultural materials

210

 

Various goods

1,238

 

Humanitarian aids

280

 

Cooking gas

136.210

 

Industrial fuel

 

173,505

20 December  2010

Foodstuffs

674

 

Agricultural materials

254

 

Various goods

1,138

 

Humanitarian aids

273

 

Cooking gas

135.960

 

Industrial Fuel

 

173,515

21 December 2010

Foodstuffs

969

 

Agricultural materials

281

 

Various goods

1,062

 

Humanitarian aids

479

 

Cooking gas

135.810

 

Industrial fuel

 

173,504

 

Exports through Karm Abu Salem Crossing:

 

On Wednesday, 15 December 2010, IOF allowed the export of 9.27 tons of strawberries. 

 

On Thursday, 16 December 2010, IOF allowed the export of 112,340 flowers and 5.13 tons of strawberries. 

 

On Sunday, 19 December 2010, IOF allowed the export of 187,359 flowers and 13.4 tons of strawberries.

 

On Monday, 20 December 2010, IOF allowed the export of 54,480 flowers and 6 tons of strawberries. 

 

On Tuesday, 21 December 2010, IOF allowed the export of 6.9 tons of strawberries.

 

Al-Mentar (Karni) Crossing: During the reporting period, IOF partially opened the crossing on Wednesday, 15 December 2010, and allowed the entry of 2,301 tons of wheat and 2,652 tons of fodders. They opened it again on Tuesday, 20 December 2010, and allowed the entry of 2,808 tons of wheat and 2,457 tons of fodders.  

 

Beit Hanoun (Erez) Crossing: Israel has continued to close Beit Hanoun (Erez) crossing for the movement of Palestinian civilians. IOF have allowed only diplomats, a number of international journalists, employees of international agencies and a limited number of patients who suffer from serious diseases to pass through the crossing. They have continued to prevent Palestinian civilians from visiting their relatives who are detained in Israeli jails. The small number of patients permitted to pass through the crossing is only able to do so under severe restrictions that include prolonged checking.

 

Movement at Beit Hanoun (Erez) Crossing

15 – 21 December 2010

 

Date

15 December

16 December

17  December

18 December

19 December

20 December

21 December

Patients

22

18

1

Nil

32

33

31

Companions

25

21

1

Nil

30

31

30

Palestinians from Israel

5

4

8

Nil

11

17

10

Diplomats

16

4

1

Nil

Nil

Nil

4

International Journalists

8

4

Nil

Nil

2

3

2

International Workers

38

69

31

Nil

17

13

31

Travelers abroad

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

2

Nil

Nil

Business People

55

50

Nil

Nil

59

17

20

Economic Meetings

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

10

Security Interviews

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

1

Nil

3

VIP's

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Ambulances to Israel

1

2

Nil

Nil

1

Nil

Nil

Ambulances from Israel

3

4

1

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

 

The West Bank

 

Israel has imposed a tightened closure on the West Bank. During the reporting period, IOF imposed additional restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians.

 

· Jerusalem: IOF have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians to and from the city. Thousands of Palestinian civilians from the West Bank and the Gaza Strip have been denied access to the city. IOF have established many checkpoints around and inside the city. Restrictions of the movement of Palestinian civilians often escalate on Fridays, preventing Muslim Palestinians from praying at al-Aqsa Mosque.      

 

· Hebron:  IOF have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians.  

 

· Ramallah: IOF have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of the Palestinian civilians in Ramallah. IOF troops positioned at the Jaba' and Qalandiya checkpoints, southeast of Ramallah, have imposed additional restrictions on movement and conducted prolonged checks of Palestinian civilians. During the reporting period, IOF established a number of temporary checkpoints, and stopped and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles. At approximately 20:00 on Friday, 17 December 2010, IOF re-established their presence at 'Attara checkpoint at the northern entrance of Bir Zeit village, north of Ramallah. They stopped and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles. At approximately 18:30 on Saturday, 18 December 2010, IOF established a checkpoint under Kharabtha al-Misbah Bridge, west of Ramallah. They stopped and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles. 

 

· Qalqilya: IOF have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians. At approximately 10:00 on Thursday, 16 December 2010, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance of 'Azzoun village, east of Qalqilya. At approximately 11:30 on the same day, they established a checkpoint at Jeet intersection, east of Qalqilya. At approximately 09:00 on Friday, 17 December 2010, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance of Jayous village, northeast of Qalqilya. On Saturday, 18 December 2010, IOF established 4 checkpoints around Qalqilya. At approximately 07:50 on Sunday, 19 December 2010, IOF established a checkpoint at Jainsafout intersection. At approximately 18:00 on the same day, IOF established a checkpoint on Nablus-Qalqilya road between 'Izbat al-Tabib and Nabi Elias villages. On Monday, 20 December 2010, IOF established 8 checkpoints around Qalqilya. At approximately 07:00 on Tuesday, 21 December 2010, IOF established a checkpoint at the intersection of "Qidoumim" settlement, east of Qalqilya. Israeli soldiers stationed at these checkpoints stopped and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles.   

 

· Tulkarm: IOF have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians. At approximately 21:30 on Friday, 17 December 2010, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance of Qiffin village, north of Tulkarm. They stopped and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles.  At approximately 10:00 on Monday, IOF established a checkpoint on Tulkarm-Nablus road and another one of Tulkarm-Qalqilya road. They stopped and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles. 

 

· Jenin: IOF have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians. At approximately 21:00 on Friday, 17 December 2010, IOF established a checkpoint on Jaba'-Yassid road, south of Jenin. They stopped and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles. 

 

· Salfit: IOF have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians. IOF have continued to close the northern entrance of Salfit with cement blocks and sand barriers since 2000. They have also continued to close two roads linking Marda village with agricultural land belonging to it.  At approximately 14:00 on Monday, 20 December 2010, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance of Eskaka village, east of Salfit. They stopped and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles. They detained Mohammed Suleiman 'Abdul Hamid, 35, a police officer from Yassouf village east of the town, for two hours.   

 

· Jericho: IOF have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians. At approximately 19:00 on Thursday, 16 December 2010, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance of Fassayel village, north of Jericho. They stopped and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles. 

 

Arrests at Military Checkpoints

 

4. Measures Aimed at Creating a Jewish Demographic Majority in Jerusalem

 

Israel has recently escalated arbitrary measures against Palestinian civilians in East Jerusalem in order to force them to leave the city. PCHR has devoted this section in the Weekly Report to highlighting violations of human rights perpetrated by IOF against Palestinian civilians in East Jerusalem.

 

· During the reporting period, the Israeli municipality of Jerusalem forced two Palestinian civilians to demolish their houses.

 

According to investigations conducted by PCHR, on Sunday, 29 December 2010, Ussama Hussein al-Shwaiki, from al-Thawri neighborhood in East Jerusalem, demolished his 96-square-meter house in response to notices from the Israeli municipality of Jerusalem ordering him to demolish his house and imposing a fine on him. Al-Shwaiki built his house in 2005. In 2009, the Israeli police and workers of the municipality photographed the house, and the court of the municipality imposed a fine of 96,000 NIS on al-Shwaiki and ordered the demolition of the house, claiming that it was built without a license. He appealed the court ruling. According to al-Shwaiki, he was committed to pay the fine, but the court issued a new bill of indictment against him for not implementing the decision to demolish the house. So, he was forced to demolish his house before the court session scheduled on 23 December 2010, to avoid paying more fines and being imprisoned. Al-Shwaiki used to live in the house together with wife, his two children, his sister and his mother.

 

On Tuesday morning, 21 December 2010, the Israeli municipality of Jerusalem forced Shadi Mousa Subeh, from Ras al-'Aamoud neighborhood in East Jerusalem to demolish his house. Subeh stated to PCHR that officials of the Israeli municipality of Jerusalem came to his house on Monday evening, 20 December 2010 and ordered him to demolish the house by the Tuesday morning. On Tuesday morning, officials of the Israeli municipality of Jerusalem, escorted by the Israeli police and accompanied by bulldozers arrived at the area to demolish the house. Subeh agreed with officials of the Israeli municipality of Jerusalem to vacate his belongings, demolish the house himself and pay 20,000 NIS to the municipality for moving its vehicles. 

 

· On Tuesday morning, 21 December 2010, bulldozers of the Israeli municipality of Jerusalem demolished a 50-square-meter house belonging to Hani Saleh al-Aqra', in which 8 individuals live, in Sour Baher village, southeast of Jerusalem. The house was built in 2007, and the family paid a fine of 6,400 NIS for building it without a license. However, on Tuesday, officials of the municipality and the Israeli police arrived at the area and ordered the family to vacate the house in an hour, and then demolished the house.

 

5. Settlement Activities and Attacks by Settlers against Palestinian Civilians and Property

 

Israel has continued its settlement activities in the OPT in violation of international humanitarian law, and Israeli settlers have continued to attack Palestinian civilians and property.

 

· On Thursday, 17 December 2010, IOF issued a military order confiscating 50 donums of land in Beit Eksa village, northwest of Jerusalem, for the purpose of the establishment of a railway between Jerusalem and Tel Aviv. According to the Israeli Harretz daily, the former head of the Israeli civil administration in the West Bank, Yo'av Mordachai, signed the order claiming that the confiscation was for public interest. According to the order, 20 donums would be used for establishing a tunnel, while the remaining 30 donums would be used as a work site that would be returned to their owners once the tunnel is established. According to 'Omar Hamdan, Chairman of the Local Council of Beit Eksa village, the order would deprive residents of the village of having access to more than 2,000 donums of land planted with olives located in Wad al-Louz area.

 

· At approximately 16:00 on Friday, 17 December 2010, a number of Israeli settlers from "Hourmish" settlement, southwest of Jenin, attacked Bahaa' Fawzi Jawabra, 16, and Isma'il Majed Melhem, 16, from Kufor Ra'ei village southwest of the town. According to Jawabra's father, the settlers violently beat the two children when they were on a tract of land belonging to the family in the north of the village. IOF intervened, evacuated the settlers from the area and arrested the two children. IOF interrogated the two children and released them at night.

 

· At approximately 12:00 on Saturday, 18 December 2010, a number of Israeli settlers from "Eitamar" settlement, southeast of Nablus, attacked Sameer Mohammed Bani Fadel, while he was grazing animals in the east of 'Aqraba village. The shepherd was forced to flee from the area leaving his cattle. The settlers gathered sheep in one place and set fire around them. As a result, 12 sheep were killed, and 7 others sustained serious burns.

 

· At approximately 06:30 on Monday morning, 20 December 2010, IOF, accompanied by bulldozers, moved into Tallat al-Ziar area to the east of "Kiryat Arba" settlement, southeast of Hebron. They demolished 4 agricultural stores belonging to the hires of Sa'id Mohammed Jaber, claiming that they were built without a license. The stores used to stand on an area of 168 square meters.

 

· At approximately 05:30 on Tuesday, 21 December 2010, IOF moved into al-No'man village, east of Bethlehem. They surrounded a 140-square-meter house belonging to Ra'ed Daoud al-Shawawra, in which 6 individuals live. They forced residents of the house and began to demolish it. At approximately 07:30, Israeli soldiers violently beat a number of Palestinian civilians who attempted to stop the demolition, and they then fired tear gas canisters. As a result, Waleed Mahmoud Shawawra, 19, sustained an injury to the face and bruises throughout the body. IOF claimed that the house was built without a license. They gave the family only 10 minutes to vacate their belongings before the demolition. It is worth noting that the Israeli municipality of Jerusalem had already forced al-Shawawra to pay a fine of 50,000 NIS for the lack of a building license. Al-No'man village is located near "Har Homa" settlement, and it has been annexed to Jerusalem, but its residents do not have access to the city. A PCHR worker has attempted to reach the village, but Israeli soldiers prevented him and even detained him for more than an hour and a half.

 

…………………………………………………………

 

 

Recommendations to the International Community

 

 

1. PCHR calls upon the High Contracting Parties to the Fourth Geneva Convention to fulfill their legal and moral obligations under Article 1 of the Convention to ensure Israel's respect for the Convention in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. PCHR believes that the conspiracy of silence practiced by the international community has encouraged Israel to act as if it is above the law and encourages Israel continue to violate international human rights and humanitarian law.

 

2. PCHR calls upon the High Contracting Parties to the Fourth Geneva Convention to convene a conference to take effective steps to ensure Israel's respect of the Convention in the OPT and to provide immediate protection for Palestinian civilians.

 

3. PCHR calls upon the High Contracting Parties to the Fourth Geneva Convention to comply with their legal obligations detailed in Article 146 of the Convention to search for and prosecute those responsible for grave breaches, namely war crimes.

 

4. PCHR calls for the immediate implementation of the Advisory Opinion issued by the International Court of Justice, which considers the construction of the Annexation Wall inside the West Bank illegal.

 

5. PCHR recommends that international civil society organizations, including human rights organizations, bar associations and NGOs, participate in the process of exposing those accused of grave breaches of international law and urge their governments to bring the perpetrators to justice.

 

6. PCHR calls upon the European Union to activate Article 2 of the Euro-Israel Association Agreement, which provides that Israel must respect human rights as a precondition for economic cooperation between the EU states and Israel. PCHR further calls upon the EU states to prohibit import of goods produced in illegal Israeli settlements in the OPT.

 

7. PCHR calls on the international community to recognize the Gaza disengagement plan, which was implemented in September 2005, for what it is - not an end to occupation but a compounding of the occupation and the humanitarian crisis in the Gaza Strip. 

 

8. In recognition of ICRC as the guardian of the Fourth Geneva Convention, PCHR calls upon the ICRC to increase its staff and activities in the OPT, including the facilitation of family visitations to Palestinian prisoners in Israeli jails.

 

9. PCHR appreciates the efforts of international civil society, including human rights organizations, bar associations, unions and NGOs, and urges them to continue their role in pressuring their governments to secure Israel's respect for human rights in the OPT and to demand Israel end its attacks on Palestinian civilians.

 

10. PCHR calls upon the international community to pressure Israel to lift the severe restrictions imposed by the Israeli government and its occupation forces on access for international organizations to the OPT.

 

11. PCHR reiterates that any political settlement not based on international human rights law and humanitarian law cannot lead to a peaceful and just solution of the Palestinian question. Rather, such an arrangement can only lead to further suffering and instability in the region. Any peace process or agreement must be based on respect for international law, including international human rights and humanitarian law.

 

 

 

 

…………………………………………………………

 

Public Document

For further information please visit our website (www.pchrgaza.org) or contact PCHR’s office in Gaza City, Gaza Strip by email ( pchr@pchrgaza.org This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it ) or telephone (+972 (0)8 282 4776 – 282 5893).


:: Article nr. 73195 sent on 23-dec-2010 17:47 ECT

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